All posts tagged: Drug Rehab

’Yaba’ Use Still on the Rise in Southeast Asia

Yaba tablets, which are a combination of methamphetamine and caffeine, have been on the scene in Thailand for years. The drug’s popularity has now spread and countries throughout Southeast Asia and beyond are seeing increased yaba consumption, addiction, manufacturing, and related crime. Yaba, which means ‘crazy drug’ in Thai, can be taken orally or melted and inhaled and gives users increased energy, alertness, and a sense of euphoria. Often the pills are laced with fruity or vanilla flavouring, masking the nasty chemical compound found inside. The active ingredient methamphetamine is highly addictive, and with regular use pleasurable feelings dissipate and are replaced with a host of negative effects including violent behaviour, paranoia, and acute psychosis. The Rise of Yaba in Asia Yaba has long been popular in the poorer Mekong region countries of Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, and Cambodia, but its use has now spread to wealthier countries such as South Korea, Malaysia and Singapore. As a stimulant, the drug’s allure is similar to that of cocaine and appeals to people in all socioeconomic positions. …

meth use

Violent Crimes in China: The Effects of Meth

One-third of the world’s population resides in East and Southeast Asia. And one of the biggest challenges facing these Asian countries, including China, is the manufacturing and use of synthetic drugs. In recent years, Asia has experienced a wave of synthetically produced amphetamine-type stimulants (ATS), particularly of the substance methamphetamine. Synthetic drugs, also known as designer or club drugs, have become increasingly popular among younger drug users. These ATS drugs are engulfing the drug market quickly, in what people are calling Asia’s ATS Epidemic. The Synthetic Drug Industry in South East Asia Where once plant-based drugs such as opium or heroin topped the drug markets, synthetic drugs are quickly taking over. Synthetic drugs such as meth, ecstasy, and LSD, are man-made by chemically synthesizing and combining different precursor chemicals, and methamphetamine in Southeast Asia are spreading like wild fire. The drug most commonly used is crystal meth, notoriously known as ’ice’. Many believe that the increase of demand of meth in China and other Southeast Asian countries is due to economic integration between regions. Synthetic …

IS ADDICTION REALLY A DISEASE?

Addiction was first classified as a treatable illness by the American Medical Association (AMA) in 1956, yet some people still choose to believe that addiction is simply a few poor decisions on part of an individual who lacks ‘will power’. This is not the case, however, and as medical research becomes more involved, doctors and researchers are able to learn more and more about the disease of addiction. According to the National Institutes of Health, advances in brain imaging science make it possible to see inside the brain of an addicted person and pinpoint the parts of the brain affected by drugs of abuse — providing knowledge that will enable the development of new approaches to prevention and treatment. These brain images have been able to show that addiction is a brain disease which causes people to lose their ability to control their need for alcohol and drugs. One of the several factors here is the neurotransmitter, dopamine. Dopamine is largely responsible for the feelings of pleasure and also satiety. Humans are genetically engineered to …

Drug Rehab: Findings from the 2012 World Drug Report

Image taken from The Guardian Earlier this year, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime published the World Drug Report 2012, with findings for the year 2010. The document is lengthy—just over 100 pages—and wordy, though there are several graphs that display the data clearly. The document is comprised of two sections. The first section is driven by figures and analyzes illicit drug markets, including which drugs are seeing an increase in markets, and where these markets are; the second half of the report is concerned with social trends, including the demographics of users and a forecast of global drug use. In the hopes of making this information clearer and more relevant, I’ve extracted from the report significant ideas as they relate to drug rehab. Who Is Receiving Drug Addiction Treatment? According to the UNODC, about 20% of drug users received treatment in 2010. The report does not break down this number by geographic region, but it finds that users sought drug rehab for opioid abuse—in most cases, heroin—more often than any other drug. …

BOARD GAMES: AN ADDICTION TREATMENT PROGRAMME?

The most entertaining board games simulate life, and thereby teach its players valuable life lessons – think Monopoly™ (can you manage your money while navigating the real estate market?) and Life (you just lost your job and your third kid is on the way, what will you do?). Downward Spiral, a board game developed by American researchers at the Institute of Behavioural Research at Texas Christian University, simulates the life of an addict, and is marketed as an addendum to an addiction treatment programme; the game’s creators suggest using it to facilitate discussion between recovering addict and counsellor. But, do recovering addicts in addiction treatment programmes really need to roll the dice and flip over cards to understand and discuss the tragic consequences of substance abuse? As a player in Downward Spiral, your objective is to retain your resources, both social and financial. The game, of course, is designed to make this difficult; by rolling dice participants move along a black board, hopping from one coloured square to the next, encountering the repercussions of drug …